The cité of Carcassonne is a medieval architectural complex located in the French city of Carcassonne in Aude department of Languedoc-Roussillon. It is located on the right bank of the Aude, south of the current city. This walled medieval city, which dates back to the Gallo-Roman period, is renowned for its double enclosure, reaching nearly 3 km of development and with fifty-two towers, which dramatically overlooks the Aude Valley. The city also has a castle (the count’s castle) and a basilica (the Saint-Nazaire Basilica). Saved from destruction and restored in the nineteenth century sometimes controversially under the direction of Viollet-le-Duc, the city of Carcassonne is since 1997 a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The count’s castle, fortifications, and towers owned by the state and managed by the Center for National Monuments, while the lists and the rest of the city are part of the municipal area.